E a Resposta é não. Purinha e dura.
Australia. Any metal detecting is allowed. Prospecting for gold nuggets, as well as beach search, are favourites among locals. There are not so many archaeological finds in Australia – much less that in Europe and the U.S.
Austria. The use of metal detectors in archaeological contexts requires a permission issued by the Austrian Federal Monument Authority.
Belgium. Private individuals aren’t allowed to look for archaeological artifacts. Beach search is permitted.
Canary islands (Tenerife). Metal detecting is allowed without any restrictions
Cuba. Any metal detecting is forbidden. The very possession of metal detectors is equated with the possession of weapons. ( a nossa herança????)
Denmark. Metal detecting is allowed. Very large and valuable items found must be given to the state.
France. Searching for archaeological finds requires permission. Beach metal detecting is allowed.
Germany. Metal detecting is allowed but requires a license.
Ireland. Historic artifacts can be looked for only after getting permission and approval from landowners. Beach metal detecting is allowed (so what are the beaches in Ireland?).
taly. All things of archeological interest, in and out of the ground, are the property of the state. Metal detecting by private individuals is allowed in some regions. A finder of valuable objects receives a reward. There are regions where the use of metal detectors is prohibited – e.g., Valle d’Aosta, Calabria, Lazio, Tuscany, Sicily.
Portugal. Metal detecting is officially prohibited. But there are treasure hunting clubs in Lagoa and Portimao districts that obtain permission to use metal detectors. Plus, it’s very rare that beach search is allowed by special permission from authorities (for locals only).
Spain. The use of detection devices for the purpose of searching for archeological finds is not allowed unless you get permission. However, there is a fair amount of illegal treasure hunters in Spain. Several years ago there used to be even private treasure hunts for foreign tourists.
Sweden. Metal detecting on privately owned land is allowed. Beach search is permitted, too.
Switzerland. Metal detecting is officially not forbidden. But each canton, or even a district, has its own rules. Thus, it may be forbidden to metal detect only on archeological sites. However, there are examples when it’s allowed to search even there. On the other hand, in some areas, collecting scrap metal does require permission from the district authorities. Moreover, you will need double permission at that: a metal detecting license plus the landowner’s permit.
UK (England). Archaeological finds can be looked for only after getting permission (it’s not a problem to receive it). Considering that most land is privately owned, you will require additional permission from the owner. Any valuable object found shall also be shared with the landowner. The museums have a priority right to acquire finds. Concealment of a discovery is fraught with punishment. In England the value of the find is determined in a rather interesting way. For example, a Roman lead plate isn’t viewed as a valuable find, although it costs $363,625
USA. Metal detecting is allowed without any restrictions. To search on privately owned land you will need to obtain permission from the owner.